Saturday, May 23, 2020
A pejorative term for pompous and inflated speech or writing. Adjective: bombastic. Unlike eloquence, a favorable term for forceful and persuasive discourse, bombast generally refers to empty rhetoric or a windy grandeur of language (Eric Partridge). Dickensian Bombast My dear Copperfield, a man who labors under the pressure of pecuniary embarrassments, is, with the generality of people, at a disadvantage. That disadvantage is not diminished, when that pressure necessitates the drawing of stipendiary emoluments before those emoluments are strictly due and payable. All I can say is, that my friend Heep has responded to appeals to which I need not more particularly refer, in a manner calculated to redound equally to the honor of his head and of his heart.(Wilkins Micawber in David Copperfield by Charles Dickens) Shakespearean Bombast Full thirty times hath Phoebus cart gone roundNeptunes salt wash, and Tellus orbed ground;And thirty dozen moons, with borrowd sheen,About the world have times twelve thirties been;Since love our hearts, and Hymen did our hands,Unite communal in most sacred bands.(Player King in the play within a play in William Shakespeares Hamlet, Act III, scene two) Bombast and Hyperbole Bombast and hyperbole . . . are not interchangeable terms. Hyperbole is a figure of thought and one of the devices used to achieve bombast. Bombast is a stylistic mode, a manner of speaking and writing characterized by turgid and inflated language. The Elizabethans seem to have understood bombast to be more of an acoustic and an almost renegade quality of language, in contrast to rhetoric which was generally organized into a system. . . . Hyperbole shares with bombast the force of exaggeration, but not necessarily its lexical limitlessness and inelegance.Ã¢â¬â¹(Goran Stanivukovic, Shakespeares Style in the 1590s. The Oxford Handbook of Shakespeares Poetry,Ã ed. by Jonathan Post. Oxford University Press, 2013) Alexis de Tocqueville on American Bombast I have often noted that Americans, who generally conduct business in clear, incisive language devoid of all ornament and often vulgar in its extreme simplicity, are likely to go in for bombast when they attempt a poetic style. In speeches their pomposity is apparent from beginning to end and, seeing how lavish they are with images at every turn, one might think they never said anything simply. Ã¢â¬â¹(Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835) The Lighter Side of Platitudinous Ponderosity The following remarks on style appeared anonymously in dozens of late-19th-century and early-20th-century periodicals, ranging from Cornhill Magazine and the Practical Druggist to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers Monthly Journal. Decide for yourself whether the advice is still appropriate. In promulgating your esoteric cogitations, or articulating your superficial sentimentalities, and amicable, philosophical or psychological observations, beware of platitudinous ponderosity.Let your conversational communications possess a clarified conciseness, a compacted comprehensiveness, coalescent consistency, and a concatenated cogency.Eschew all conglomerations of flatulent garrulity, jejune babblement and asinine affectation.Let your extemporaneous descantings and unpremeditated expatiations have intelligibility and veracious vivacity, without rhodomontade or thrasonical bombast.Sedulously avoid all polysyllabic profundity, pompous prolixity, psittaceous vacuity, ventriloquial verbosity, and vaniloquent vapidity.Shun double entendres, prurient jocosity, and pestiferous profanity, obscurant or apparent.In other words, talk plainly, briefly, naturally, sensibly, truthfully, purely. Keep from slang; dont put on airs; say what you mean; mean what you say; and dont use big words! (Anonymous, The Basket: The Journal of the Basket Fraternity, July 1904) Honey, dont let the blonde hair fool you. AlthoughÃ bombasticÃ forms ofÃ circumlocutionÃ should be generally avoided, one mustnt shy away from big words in the rightÃ context.(Aphrodite in Punch Lines.Ã Xena: Warrior Princess, 2000) Etymology:From Medieval Latin, cotton padding Also Known As: grandiloquence
Monday, May 18, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 720 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/05/23 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Tags: Procrastination Essay Did you like this example? Procrastination: a study in its features, cause and solutions We may easy to find such a person that he never started his work until there are few days before deadline, and when he made up his mind to start his work at the beginning, he would always be distracted by other stuffs. He may get exhausted after finishing his work right before the deadline and complain himself for not working hard at the beginning. Actually, this person could be others or ourselves. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Main Facts About Procrastination" essay for you Create order And this phenomenon called procrastination. It may happen in any aspect of our lives, like putting off writing your paper, doing housework, submitting a report and so on. This psychology is counterproductive but we are still suffered by it. So, in this essay I will give the cause of this psychology and some solution that may help to overcome it. Procrastination is defined as the avoidance of doing a task that needs to be accomplished. It is different from laziness. Procrastination makes you avoid doing something important but to do other jobs considered easier and enjoyable. In this process, you still do your work but ignore your most urgent one. The specific features of this psychology are the followings. First, people tend to avoid the place and the situation related to finishing their work. For example, student would spend more time in their dormitory rather than go to the library. Second, denial and trivialization. We know the highest efficient way to finish our task is to do the most important and urgent work, but as for procrastinators, they would deny that there are other things that are more urgent than what they should do right now. For example, when they want to write their paper, they would say itrs time for dinner and I have to buy something to eat. Third, distraction is also normal in the behavior style of the p rocrastinators. They may get distracted by a lot of things in order to avoid facing their really important task. They would also blame themselves after putting off their work. Then, why people have procrastination? We know procrastination is the avoidance of doing oners job, but why would people avoid? It is usually considered to happen when people are anxious about the work they have to face with, and when they go to do other things, they will feel better and relaxed. But at last, the problem is still not finished and they have to work on it. For the serious procrastinators, they would put off more work to decrease the feeling of shame and guilt. It is a vicious circle. Then, how can we overcome this psychology? There are some possible ways that may help you. First, accept the fact that I am procrastinating. Many times, people are easy to feel anxiety and depression before they complete their tasks. They are not unrelated to the idea of self-criticism and self-defeating. You may continue to criticize and criticize yourself for procrastination. This lack of self-care will not only make you feel ashamed and self-blaming, but will also make you feel more anxious before the next task begins, and you will be procrastinated. It is a vicious circle. Therefore, to break this vicious circle, the first is to accept ones own negative emotions and give yourself more encouragement and forgiveness. Studies show that self-forgiveness can help you become willing to do you task. Second, stop thinking irrationally. Irrational thoughts included overrating yourselves and underestimating the difficulty of the task. Having a objective opinion about your ability will help to make a workable plan. This is the third way, set up a highly viable plan. You may choose a large but achievable goal, then you set it into some small goals. After splitting a large, reasonable and feasible goal into several small tasks, each task will become easier to implement for you. When you finish a small task, dont forget to give yourself a small reward. It can build a reward system to help you work continuously. Reference List: Steel, Piers (2007). The Nature of Procrastination: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review of Quintessential Self-Regulatory Failure. Psychological Bulletin. 133 (1): 65Ã¢â¬Å"94. Pychyl, T. (20 February 2012). The real reasons you procrastinate Ã¢â¬ and how to stop. The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 February 2012. mindtools.com,. How to Stop Procrastinating [online] Available at: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newHTE_96.htm
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
In Ã¢â¬Å"Impossible Mourning: Sophocles ReversalÃ¢â¬ by Fanny Soderback, she introduces the concept of a Sophoclean reversal at the heart Antigone. To introduce her argument, Antigone is associated with the private realm and divine law, and Creon is a representative of human law and politics. Soderback bases her understanding of Antigone on the work of Hannah Arendt, who argues that the Greek public realm is distinctly separated from the private realm, which rebuts most claims of how family and state were closed interconnected in Greek culture. This allows the readers to have a different interpretation of Antigone. Throughout the story, the idea of a Sophoclean reversal suggests that the relationships between the representative of the private andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, the argument is further emphasized when Antigone challenges CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s authority after burying Polynices, supposedly two times, and induces him to reverse the consequences of disobedience agains t his rule near the end of the play, he changes his method of execution Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take her down some wild, desolate path/ never trod by men, and wall her up alive/ in a rocky vault, and set out short rations, /Ã¢â¬ (Sophocles 871-873). Since Creon tries to show piety towards Antigone because he did not directly kill her and refused to take responsibility for his actions, he found himself placed within the private realms in the Arendtian definition once again since he tried to make Antigone disappear without any involvement of the outsiders amongst the public. After making private decisions and going against his own word as king, CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s actions displayed the actions attributed to an individual who belongs in the private sphere. Throughout the play, Creon tried to rule over Thebes with authoritarian tendencies or as a dictator through actions of violence, later condemned by Tiresias, leading to CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s impotence and ultimately his profound reversal of fate, where he is surrounded by his dead loved ones consumed by uncontrollable grief. However, right before he receives the fate of the Gods, Creon already displays the characteristics of an individual in the private realm due to his fall from his pedestal. This is
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Theme of Loss in Poetry Provide a sample of poetry from a range of authors each of whom portray the theme of loss in some way. Anthology Introduction The object of this collection is to provide a sample of poetry from a range of authors each of whom portray the theme of Ã¢â¬ËlossÃ¢â¬â¢ in some way. Ã¢â¬ËLossÃ¢â¬â¢ has been a recurring theme in literature for centuries, from early poets such as William Shakespeare who portrays loss in many of his tragedies including the loss of sanity in Ã¢â¬ËKing LearÃ¢â¬â¢ and the loss of reputation in Ã¢â¬ËOthelloÃ¢â¬â¢, through to KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËOdesÃ¢â¬â¢ and into the twentieth and twenty-first century. Loss is an important aspect of life and many modern poets find it to be an interesting theme to deal with in their work. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The verse of Ã¢â¬ËWe are SevenÃ¢â¬â¢ is not at all difficult to understand as the language is simple and drawn from a common rhetoric. The structure of the stanza is also straightforward with an ordinary poetic meter and rhyming pattern, typical of Wordsworth in the Ã¢â¬ËLyrical BalladsÃ¢â¬â¢. These techniques render the poems accessible to all people of all backgrounds, which in turn emphasises the fact that everyone experiences death. Yet the intricacies of the poem are to which character the reader most readily associates themselves with. Whilst the girl could be said to have idealised the relationship she believes she now has with her dead brother and sister, there is an innocence in attitude towards death that most people would prefer to sympathise with, rather than the often cold and final view of the narrator. The maidÃ¢â¬â¢s determination that Ã¢â¬Ëtheir graves are green, they may be seenÃ¢â¬â¢, ie they are still part of her everyday life as she can still interact with them to a certain degree, shows death to be merely another stage of life and not a loss at all. However, to most readers it is the lack of awareness that makes the poem touching as it is clear that to the reader that the girl doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the same relationship with her siblings as she us ed to noShow MoreRelatedThe Theme of Love and Loss in Poetry Essay2011 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Theme of Love and Loss in Poetry How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love? Albert Einstein. The subject of love has always inspired poets, writers, and those lucky in love as well. Love is everything its cracked up to be. It really is worth fighting for, risking everything for. And the trouble is, if you dont risk everything, you risk even more. Some of the poets who are soRead MoreEssay about Themes of Love and Loss in Poetry1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThemes of Love and Loss in Poetry In this essay, we are going to analyse five poems to study the way love and loss are treated in the pre-nineteenth century poems, So, well go no more a roving and When we two parted by Lord Byron, Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare, How do I love thee? by Elizabeth Barrett-Browning and Remember by Christina Rossetti. After looking at the level of implication of each of the poets in their writing, we will show the way they treatRead MoreStudy on the Poetry of the World War One Era652 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿The poetry of the World War One era reflects the pain and suffering endured by soldiers, as well as the disillusionment of war. Some of the eras most prolific soldier-poets addressed war frankly and with graphic imagery. For example, Wilfred Owens Dulce et Decorum Est starts with the lines, Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, The prevailing poetic trends were not to shy away from vivid detail but rather, to paint pictures forRead MoreGwen Harwood relationships throughout poems903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Gwen HarwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry endures to engage readers through its poetic treatment of loss and consolation. Gwen HarwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s seemingly ironic simultaneous examination of the personal and the universal is regarded as holding sufficient textual integrity that it has come to resonate wit h a broad audience and a number of critical perspectives. This is clearly evident within her poems Ã¢â¬ËAt MorningtonÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËA ValedictionÃ¢â¬â¢, these specific texts have a main focus on motif that once innocence is lost it cannot beRead More Comparing the Poetry of Gary Snyder and Ruth Stone Essay1058 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesComparing the Poetry of Gary Snyder and Ruth Stone Gary Snyder is not only a poet, but a preacher of sorts. His poems carry powerful messages about getting back to your roots. His poems contain strong themes of anti-consumerism and spirituality. Facts is a short piece consisting of facts on consumerism in America. This piece warns of the dangers of over consumption and lack of moderation. In some cases, however, Snyder does appear far too extreme in his views, like in By Frazier CreekRead MoreEmily Dickinson And Susan Dickinsons Poetry1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestrace Dickinsons growth as a poet and her incorporating particular poetic themes, namely death, isolation, and suffering, it is crucial to explore several events from the authors biography that had a significant impact on her as the poet. More specifically, one should investigate Dickinsons time spent at the Amherst Academy and acquaintance to Leonard Humphrey, her relation with Susan Gilbert, the event accompanied by the theme of womanhood in Dickinsons works, and the f act that she lived and wroteRead MoreOne Art By Sylvia Plath Critical Analysis1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLoss is a universal human emotion. From the small losses of a missing sock to the often overwhelming loss of the death of a loved one, loss comes to everyone in various forms. The nature of loss, however, makes it a rich topic for poetic endeavors. In both Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ by Elizabeth Bishop and Ã¢â¬Å"Lady LazarusÃ¢â¬ by Sylvia Plath, the poets write to conceptualize and understand their losses, ultimately applying radically opposing solutions to the same emotional struggle. Elizabeth Bishop was a high-caliberRead MoreAt Night My Lost Memory Of The Beloved Poem Analysis1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshis beloved and longs for it, usually shown in his poetry. Consequently, Faiz Ahmed Faiz uses three literary devices in many ways to portray the true subject of poetry, based on him, which is the loss of the beloved. Specifically, Faiz uses emotional language, hyperbole, and allegory to illustrate the theme of the loss of the beloved. Certainly, Faiz Ahmed Faiz uses emotional language in different ways, contributing to the mood about the loss of the beloved. He utilizes dark emotional languageRead MoreComparing For the Fallen and I Was Only Nineteen Essay1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesComparing For the Fallen and I Was Only Nineteen In todays modern world, the use of poetry to communicate and express oneself has become quite rare. One of the main reasons is due to the fact that with such an old style of writing, it is very often hard to understand properly. poetry is indeed difficult to read and hard to understand, but given time, it is a rewarding challenge. Poetry is not only written verse but is used in songs as well. Taken the time to listen to the words of modernRead MoreConsidered As One Of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢S Most Famous Poets, Emily1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConsidered as one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous poets, Emily Dickinson wrote a variety of poetry throughout her adulthood. Yet, she failed to gain literary notice during her own lifetime (Ã¢â¬Å"Biography of Emily DickinsonÃ¢â¬ ). 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Outsiders; Ã¢â¬ËNorm and AhmedÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ÅHappy FeetÃ¢â¬Â and Ã¢â¬ÅThe ArrivalÃ¢â¬Â Free Essays
An Outsider is a person who is excluded from, or is not a member of a group. They can be seen to be merely out of place. Other factors, however, can make a person in the Ã¢â¬Ëright placeÃ¢â¬â¢ feel like they do not belong. We will write a custom essay sample on Outsiders; Ã¢â¬ËNorm and AhmedÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Å"Happy FeetÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ or any similar topic only for you Order Now This is evident when exploring Alex BuzoÃ¢â¬â¢s script Ã¢â¬Å"Norm and AhmedÃ¢â¬ , George MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s animation film Ã¢â¬Å"Happy FeetÃ¢â¬ and the Shaun TanÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic novel Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ . Through utilising a range of language features and techniques, composers are able to emphasise the idea of Ã¢â¬Ëthe outsiderÃ¢â¬â¢ in these three texts. Alex BuzoÃ¢â¬â¢s script Ã¢â¬Å"Norm and AhmedÃ¢â¬ depicts a late-night encounter between a typical old Australian working class man and a young Pakistani undergraduate. The concept of outsiders is explored in great detail throughout the script. At first, Ahmed appears to be the clear outsider in the script, as the stage directions and choice of costume are used to convey his sense of alienation and discomfort with the situation; a dark skinned person wearing a Ã¢â¬Å"Nehru-styled suitÃ¢â¬ acting Ã¢â¬Å"edges away warilyÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"taking them cautiouslyÃ¢â¬ suggesting AhmedÃ¢â¬â¢s agitation and fear when interacting with Norm. Register is also used to demonstrate that Ahmed does not belong, for even though he speaks English fluently, his extremely formal language and perfect grammar such as Ã¢â¬Å"I crave your forgivenessÃ¢â¬ , reveal him to be the outsider. This contrasts with NormÃ¢â¬â¢s very Australian colloquialisms and slang, Ã¢â¬Å"bash youÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"old piss-potsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"poofterÃ¢â¬ showing his ease with the Australian dialect. These factors all combine to make Ahmed seem to be feeling as if he is in the wrong place. Another character who seems to be in the wrong place is the protagonist in the graphic novel Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ . Shaun Tan uses a sequence of photos showing the protagonist going through customs in a new country. The characterÃ¢â¬â¢s gestures, such as outstretched palms and scratching his head signify confusion as well as his frustrated facial expressions all show him to be misunderstood. Finally, the picture showing his bent over with his head in his hands shows his helplessness and feeling of defeat. This character feels out of place; an outsider. This feeling is also evident in the film Ã¢â¬Å"Happy FeetÃ¢â¬ . MumbleÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of exclusion is accentuated in the graduation party scene, where the camera pans from group of penguin singing and dancing in unison to a single tap dancing penguin, Mumble, who is facing the wrong way. There is some empty space between him and the group, which also physically shows his outsider status. The following scene shows him exiled to a small dark iceberg looking up at the party in the distance. It is a low angle wide shot making him look small and lonely in comparison. This all contributes to the idea that he is an outsider, although technically he is in the right place. MumbleÃ¢â¬â¢s outsider status shows that being in the wrong place is only one element contributing to the notion of an outsider. Many other reasons for being an outsider have been explored through these three texts. The animated film Ã¢â¬Å"Happy FeetÃ¢â¬ is about a young penguin, Mumble who is expelled from his penguin community because he dances his feelings, rather than singing them. The animators highlight MumbleÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of belonging by making him physically different from the other penguins, he has blue eyes and keeps his baby feathers when his peers are fully developed. Mumble is initially considered part of the penguin community but his differences in appearance and ability act as barriers which prevent him from being an insider. Even though technically he is in the Ã¢â¬Ëright placeÃ¢â¬â¢, he is still an outsider. Another character who appears to be in the Ã¢â¬Ëright placeÃ¢â¬â¢ but reveals himself to be an outsider, is Norm. Initially Norm engineers the conversation with Ahmed by pretending not to have a lighter. Later he admits, Ã¢â¬Å"I get a little lonely (Ã¢â¬ ¦) I like to have a nice chat with a bloke (Ã¢â¬ ¦) A bloke like you, for instanceÃ¢â¬ . NormÃ¢â¬â¢s obvious loneliness adds to his outsider status. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t belong to a close family or social group and is compelled to talk to strangers. NormÃ¢â¬â¢s age, education and social class all contribute to make him part of a dying breed, the Ã¢â¬Å"old school AustralianÃ¢â¬ . He does not necessarily belong in the emerging multicultural Australia that Ahmed embodies. By saying Ã¢â¬Å"I was only thinking that if you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a dark skin youÃ¢â¬â¢d be alright. I mean, itÃ¢â¬â¢d be all right for you to stay here, like, get a job and stay in this country. Ã¢â¬ , he reveals his racism and rejection of multiculturalism. His subsequent senseless beating of Ahmed also demonstrates NormÃ¢â¬â¢s instability and violence and this further reinforces his outsider status. By breaking the laws of society, he automatically becomes an outsider to the mainstream. Norm and Mumble are not the only characters who are becoming outsiders in their own place. In Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ , Tan draws with great detail, a bleak city with huge, ominous, black shadows resembling dragonÃ¢â¬â¢s tails suggesting evil all over the buildings and roads. A high angle long shot shows how insignificant his family is in this big, empty city. This reveals a growing sense of insecurity and uncertainty of the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s future in their own country. They no longer feel as though they belong there. Therefore after studying the three texts, it is apparent that the sentence Ã¢â¬Å"An outsider is merely just a person in the wrong placeÃ¢â¬ is only partially correct. Ahmed, Mumble and the persona in the Arrival are all outsiders by virtue of being in the wrong place; Ahmed with his extremely formal language, brown skin and his foreign attire, the persona in Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ with his language barrier and Mumble for his inability to sing. However, although Mumble canÃ¢â¬â¢t sing, he is a penguin and is therefore technically in theÃ¢â¬â¢right placeÃ¢â¬â¢. He is an outsider because he looks and acts differently to the other penguins. The persona Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ leaves his homeland because he is starting to feel like an outsider in his own place, as does Norm with his racism, loneliness and violence. In conclusion; anyone, in any place can be an outsider. How to cite Outsiders; Ã¢â¬ËNorm and AhmedÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Å"Happy FeetÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The ArrivalÃ¢â¬ , Papers
Question: Write about theOrganisational Behaviourfor Impact on Work Performance. Answer: Introduction The organisational behaviour comprises of both, the group behaviour and the individual behaviour, actions and performance within an organisation. The individuals in an organisation when come and work together then they are called as organisational groups. There are both formal and informal groups in the organisations. There is a direct impact of the groups on the organisational and individual performance and on the individual behaviour. The work and the work behaviour are highly influenced by the nature of the group. The purpose of this report is to highlight the nature of group behaviour and its impact on work performance. There will also be highlighted the contemporary and traditional theory related to the organisational behaviour (Wagner III and Hollenbeck, 2014). Nature ofGroup Behaviour and its Impact on Work Performance The organisational group are the foundations of human resource which are inseparable and have a significant influence over the organisation. There are several benefits which are associated with these groups but if managed inefficiently then they turn out to be unconstructive for the organisational performance as they have a direct interconnection with the organisational productivity. From time to time, there has been realized the significance of group behaviour in an organisation. Decades back, in 1920, there were conducted the Hawthorne experiments by Elton Mayo with his associates for understanding and analysing the impact of group behaviour on the individual and organisational productivity (Bruce and Nyland, 2011). The studies carried on and still it is one of the highly researched and studied subjects in the literature. There has been performed several researches to develop a connect ion between the individual behaviour and the group behaviour. Traditionally, there were used to have set hierarchy lines of authority and the employees have to work and communicate in that aspect only without breaking any communication channel or line of authority. This results in less effective communication among the organisation employees, managers nod higher authority personnel (Indermun and Bayat, 2013). As per this traditional approach, there were no groups; therefore, no such direct influence or impact was laid down upon the individuals or the organisation. But with the change in scenarios and theories, there took place a contemporary management and group behaviours where there is establishment of increase number of formal and informal groups in the organisations. The contemporary approach is much supportive for the business organisations as through the formation of the groups there develops effective communication channels among the organisational individuals (Podsakoff, et al., 2014). There is high importance of groups in an organisation as they not only impact the work or the work performance but also have various benefits to the organisation and the individuals. If the individuals are stuck into some problems then instead of going to the managers or the higher authorities, they tend to discuss among the group. With the help of other group members, they tend to solve at initial level only (Beal, et al., 2003). There are various factors of group behaviour which poses a direct impact upon the work and the work performance. These factors comprises of the composition of the group, the size of the group and the group cohesiveness. In the composition of the group, there is increasing importance of the homogeneity factor. If the members of the groups are homogenous in the aspects of behaviour, culture, age, etc then it laid dowel a positive impact upon the work and the performance as there develops a sense of understanding whereas the heterogeneity results in negative e implications because of diverse factors which leads to conflicts (Cummings, 2004). The size of the group also matters a lot as if the group is very large then it results in difficult and complex communication, thus, the performance of the individuals impact due to inappropriate flow of information. Therefore, if the size of the group is appropriate, then it influences the work and the performance by having adequate flow of information, development of innovative ideas and making rapid decisions. One major aspect is group cohesiveness. If there is effective communication among the group members, improved engagement, presence of homogenous individuals, then there develops high levels of group cohesiveness. The stronger and higher the cohesiveness is, the greater is the unity in the groups which forces the individuals to work with utmost efficiency and therefore, there are several positive outcomes for the individuals and organisational productivity and work performance of group behaviour (Miner, et al., 2015). Conclusion From this study, it can be concluded that there is a direct influence of the group behaviour upon the work and the work performance. The formation of organisational groups is an essential requirement in the present scenario for having better mad improved results. The organisations attain higher productivity, efficiency and faster accomplishment of goals if there are strong and competent groups. Therefore, it can be stated that the organisations must have an in-depth analysis before forming organisational groups so that positive influence and results can be fetched from the groups. References Beal, D.J., Cohen, R.R., Burke, M.J. and McLendon, C.L., 2003. Cohesion and performance in groups: a meta-analytic clarification of construct relations. Bruce, K. and Nyland, C., 2011. Elton Mayo and the deification of human relations.Organization Studies,32(3), pp.383-405. Cummings, J.N., 2004. Work groups, structural diversity, and knowledge sharing in a global organization.Management science,50(3), pp.352-364. Indermun, V. and Bayat, M.S., 2013. An Analysis Of Organisational Behaviour And Its Impact On Organisational Success. Miner, J.B., 2015.Organizational behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Routledge. Podsakoff, N.P., Whiting, S.W., Podsakoff, P.M. and Blume, B.D., 2009. Individual-and organizational-level consequences of organizational citizenship behaviors: A meta-analysis. Wagner III, J.A. and Hollenbeck, J.R., 2014.Organizational behavior: Securing competitive advantage. Routledge.
Friday, May 1, 2020
Lessons Learned from My Pastor Essay The way I see it family should always have each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s back, right? Well so I thought. When I was younger I had always been close to my cousin Cody. Then the day come when he hurt me like nobody else could. He shattered my world and threw the family into a crazy war. I made it through all of the hurtfulness and pain by diving head first into my Sunday school teachings. Growing up in my crazy family I felt out of place a lot of the time. The only time I felt right was when I was with my cousin Cody. He was like my twin brother, we were same age and had the same crazy ways of entertaining ourselves. We would run around pulling pranks on many of our family memberÃ¢â¬â¢s, hiding things and the, Oh so funny Ã¢â¬Å"rubber band around the kitchen sink hoseÃ¢â¬ trick. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s face it, we were little shits. Last summer our family was in town from Yakima, Washington. My cousin Sara has Autism and she takes medicine to help control her behavior. The only people that new where her medicine was CodyÃ¢â¬â¢s mom and Kristie, SaraÃ¢â¬â¢s mom. Somehow some of SaraÃ¢â¬â¢s medicine disappeared. At first my aunt accused Cody and me of taking it, but we denied the accusations. The family argued over who took it and in the end everyone left that night still angry and confused on who stole the medicine. I later had found out that Cody had told his grandma that I was the one who took the medicine because I wanted to sell it. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that Cody had told her that. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to believe it. I was angry, confused, and hurt all at the same time and for a teenage girl that was a lot to handle. My aunt went around telling everyone that I was a drug dealer and a pill head. Not many people believed her but some did. My family looked at me in discussed as I pleaded and denied what she had said. Being angry and confused, I started spending a lot of my time at the youth Methodist church I attended. I spent many Wednesday nights and Sunday mornings there teaching and leading the youth service groups. After those many days I had come to realize that the words that my pastor had once told me were true. Ã¢â¬Å"You should always forgive someone but never forget the pain they have caused you. Ã¢â¬ She had opened my eyes to see that no matter what my aunt may have said about me, I know that the people who really love me know the truth. I had later come to find out that CodyÃ¢â¬â¢s mother was the one who had taken SaraÃ¢â¬â¢s medicine. Family might not always have each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s back when they need each other the most. Cody has since apologized to me and we have returned to speaking terms, but things will never be the same between us. I find irony in the fact that my aunt was the one who accused me of taking the medicine when in turn she was the one who had taken them. I hope that one day she will learn from her mistakes the way I have learned from mine with the help of Pastor Dawn.